of the most difficult to cure, subungual warts appear under the
finger or toe nail. It is quite similar to common warts except that
its location makes it difficult to reach by treatment. These warts
are benign tumors that grow in the paronychial part of the nail.
Subungual warts appear to be rough, horny and can reach the nail
grooves and the sugungual area of the nail.
The warts usually involve the distortion of nail growth.
Subungual Warts: Causes
Human Pappilomavirus is the source of the benign tumor which causes
Subungual warts. Not only does the virus cause tumors, it can also
present multiple lesions. Compared to other warts that found in
other parts of the body, subungual warts may considered an aggressive
and destructive type of common wart.
Subungual Warts: Complications
Subungual warts in the posterior area of the nail may affect its
matrix thus causing damage to the nail plate. If no treatment is
awarded on subungual warts, it sticks and persists as they grow
in size, invading the skin and causing infection to other areas
or digits. This can cause excruciating pain for patients.
Since children are juvenile candidates of warts, parents must pay
attention when their children suffer from this infection. Kids may
try to crack these warts growing under their nails to the point
of bleeding and therefore causing inflammation.
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Subungual Warts: Treatment
Duct tapes are effective remedies in treating Subungual warts.
Duct tape is wrapped around the fingernail two (2) times. The nail
must be isolated for six to seven days before it is opened to air
for a day. If warts still persist, a thicker roll of duct tape would
be effective for another six days.
Basically, treatments for Priungual warts are the same for treating
Subungual warts. Aside from the previously mentioned like Salicylic
acid, Cryotherapy, and laser surgery, patients may also resort to
proven effective herbal treatments.
A retrospective study showed that Carbon dioxide laser treatment
had a cure rate of 57.4%. It was proven to be better than Cryotherapy
and Electrocautery treatment. Although CO2 laser treatment is effective
in eradicating sumbungual and periungual warts, recurrences still
occur within 3 months of vaporization.
Subungual Warts: Prevention
The major cause of the spreading of virus causing warts is through
direct physical contact. Definitely avoiding contact with an infected
individual is one way of preventing further contamination. Hygiene
is an essential requirement in preventing this disease. Pay attention
to broken or wounded skin. These open areas are the most likely
to be easily infected with the virus.
Moist surroundings are where most viruses dwell, it would be better
to avoid skin contact with moist surfaces. As much as possible,
do away with sharing personal belongings like towels, socks, razors,
and others with other persons. Warts may be invisible to the naked
eye, but it doesn’t mean that the virus behind it doesn’t
Always remember that there are no 100% cures for eliminating neither
the virus nor the warts. So prevention is much better than the cure